Pacte de Non-Agression

  • Country/entity

    Central African Republic
  • Region

    Africa (excl MENA)
  • Agreement name

    Pacte de Non-Agression
  • Date

    8 Jun 2016
  • Agreement status

    Multiparty signed/agreed
  • Interim arrangement

    Yes
  • Agreement/conflict level

    Intrastate/local conflict ( Central African Republic Conflicts (1996 - ) )
  • Stage

    Framework/substantive - partial
  • Conflict nature

    Inter-group
  • Peace process

    CAR: Local Processes
  • Parties

    Les Ex-Seleka de Mbres
    MPC
    FPRC
    UPC

    Les Anti-Balaka de Mbres
  • Third parties

    Unnamed witnesses.
  • Description

    Short local non-aggression agreement between rebel militia groups that agree on a common path for the return of peace and social cohesion, including the free-movement of goods ad people and the resumption of commercial activities in the town of Mbres.


Groups

  • Children/youth

    No specific mention.

  • Disabled persons

    No specific mention.

  • Elderly/age

    No specific mention.

  • Migrant workers

    No specific mention.

  • Racial/ethnic/national group

    No specific mention.

  • Religious groups

    No specific mention.

  • Indigenous people

    No specific mention.

  • Other groups

    No specific mention.

  • Refugees/displaced persons

    No specific mention.

  • Social class

    No specific mention.


Gender

  • Women, girls and gender

    No specific mention.

  • Men and boys

    No specific mention.

  • LGBTI

    No specific mention.

  • Family

    No specific mention.


State definition

  • Nature of state (general)

    No specific mention.

  • State configuration

    No specific mention.

  • Self determination

    No specific mention.

  • Referendum

    No specific mention.

  • State symbols

    No specific mention.

  • Independence/secession

    No specific mention.

  • Accession/unification

    No specific mention.

  • Border delimitation

    No specific mention.

  • Cross-border provision

    No specific mention.


Governance

  • Political institutions (new or reformed)

    No specific mention.

  • Elections

    No specific mention.

  • Electoral commission

    No specific mention.

  • Political parties reform

    No specific mention.

  • Civil society

    No specific mention.

  • Traditional/religious leaders

    No specific mention.

  • Public administration

    No specific mention.

  • Constitution

    No specific mention.


Power sharing

  • Political power sharing

    No specific mention.

  • Territorial power sharing

    No specific mention.

  • Economic power sharing

    No specific mention.

  • Military power sharing

    No specific mention.


Human rights and equality

  • Human rights/RoL general

    No specific mention.

  • Bill of rights/similar

    No specific mention.

  • Treaty incorporation

    No specific mention.

  • Civil and political rights

    No specific mention.

  • Socio-economic rights

    No specific mention.


Rights related issues

  • Citizenship

    No specific mention.

  • Democracy

    No specific mention.

  • Detention procedures

    No specific mention.

  • Media and communication

    No specific mention.

  • Mobility/access
    Page 1, Article 1: Ideological foundation and scope
    1.1. This non-aggression agreement established between the two (2) parties aims to define the path towards social cohesion and the effective return of peace through the free movement of goods and people, as well as the resumption of commercial activities in the area.

    Page 1, Article 3: Commitments of the Anti-Balaka faction of Mbres
    3.3 Actively collaborate in securing the country and to not impede the free movement of goods and people in localities under their government.
  • Protection measures

    No specific mention.

  • Other

    No specific mention.


Rights institutions

  • NHRI

    No specific mention.

  • Regional or international human rights institutions

    No specific mention.


Justice sector reform

  • Criminal justice and emergency law

    No specific mention.

  • State of emergency provisions

    No specific mention.

  • Judiciary and courts

    No specific mention.

  • Prisons and detention

    No specific mention.

  • Traditional Laws

    No specific mention.


Socio-economic reconstruction

  • Development or socio-economic reconstruction

    No specific mention.

  • National economic plan

    No specific mention.

  • Natural resources

    No specific mention.

  • International funds

    No specific mention.

  • Business
    Page 1, Article 1: Ideological foundation and scope
    1.1. This non-aggression agreement established between the two (2) parties aims to define the path towards social cohesion and the effective return of peace through the free movement of goods and people, as well as the resumption of commercial activities in the area.

    Page 1, Article 3: Commitments of the Anti-Balaka faction of Mbres
    3.3 Actively collaborate in securing the country and to not impede the free movement of goods and people in localities under their government.
  • Taxation

    No specific mention.

  • Banks

    No specific mention.


Land, property and environment

  • Land reform/rights

    No specific mention.

  • Pastoralist/nomadism rights

    No specific mention.

  • Cultural heritage

    No specific mention.

  • Environment

    No specific mention.

  • Water or riparian rights or access

    No specific mention.


Security sector

  • Security Guarantees

    No specific mention.

  • Ceasefire

    No specific mention.

  • Police

    No specific mention.

  • Armed forces

    No specific mention.

  • DDR

    No specific mention.

  • Intelligence services

    No specific mention.

  • Parastatal/rebel and opposition group forces

    No specific mention.

  • Withdrawal of foreign forces

    No specific mention.

  • Corruption

    No specific mention.

  • Crime/organised crime

    No specific mention.

  • Drugs

    No specific mention.

  • Terrorism

    No specific mention.


Transitional justice

  • Transitional justice general

    No specific mention.

  • Amnesty/pardon

    No specific mention.

  • Courts

    No specific mention.

  • Mechanism

    No specific mention.

  • Prisoner release

    No specific mention.

  • Vetting

    No specific mention.

  • Victims

    No specific mention.

  • Missing persons

    No specific mention.

  • Reparations

    No specific mention.

  • Reconciliation

    No specific mention.


Implementation

  • UN signatory

    No specific mention.

  • Other international signatory

    No specific mention.

  • Referendum for agreement

    No specific mention.

  • International mission/force/similar

    No specific mention.

  • Enforcement mechanism
    Page 2, Article 4. Disputes
    4.1 Any dispute relating to the interpretation of this Non-Aggression Agreement or its implementation shall be resolved amicably or by any other method of settlement agreed upon by both parties
    4.2 Any dispute addressed by either party shall be the subject of a live discussion in aim of a peaceful resolution
  • Related cases

    No specific mention.

  • Source
    On file with author.

NON-AGGRESSION AGREEMENT

PREAMBLE

This non-aggression agreement is hereby established to regulate the peaceful coexistence of the cosignatory parties within the framework of well-defined objectives.

It is agreed upon by the below parties:

- The Ex-Seleka of Mbres (FPRC, VPC and MPC) on one side, and

- The Anti-Balaka of Mbres( Mbres / Ndomete axis) on the other.

They agree as follows:

Article 1:

Ideological foundation and scope

1.1.This non-aggression agreement established between the two (2) parties aims to define the path towards social cohesion and the effective return of peace through the free movement of goods and people, as well as the resumption of commercial activities in the area.

1.2.This agreement defines the rights and obligations of the two (2) contracting Parties for the collaboration period.

Article 2:

Commitments of the Ex-Seleka of Mbres

The Ex-Seleka of Mbres (FPRC, UPC and MPC) undertake to the best of their abilities to:

2.1. Implement sustainable solutions oriented towards the definitive resolution of the Central African crisis.

2.2. Take part in activities to encourage populations concerned to create a culture of peace, tolerance, forgiveness and to return to work.

Article 3:

Commitments of the Anti-Balaka faction of Mbres

The Anti-Balaka Faction of Mbres (Axes, Mbre, Ndomete), undertake to the best of their abilities to:

3.1. Participate in the implementation of the non-aggression agreement signed with the Ex-Seleka of Mbres and to provide their human and material support.

3.2 Assist the Ex-Seleka of Mbres in the search for ways bring peace to the country

3.3 Actively collaborate in securing the country and to not impede the free movement of goods and people in localities under their government.

Article 4.

Disputes

4.1 Any dispute relating to the interpretation of this Non-Aggression Agreement or its implementation shall be resolved amicably or by any other method of settlement agreed upon by both parties

4.2 Any dispute addressed by either party shall be the subject of a live discussion in aim of a peaceful resolution

Article 5:

Coming into force

This Agreement comes into force on the date of signature

Article 6:

Duration

This agreement is for a period of one (1) year, renewable in case of any changes.

Done in Mbres on 08/06/16

The Ex-Seleka of Mbres

MPC [signature]

FPRC [signature]

UPC [signature]

The Anti-Balakas of Mbres [signature]

Witnesses [signature]