Declaration No 01

  • Country/entity

    Central African Republic
  • Region

    Africa (excl MENA)
  • Agreement name

    Declaration No 01
  • Date

    17 Dec 2020
  • Agreement status

    Multiparty signed/agreed
  • Interim arrangement

    Yes
  • Agreement/conflict level

    Intrastate/intrastate conflict ( Central African Republic Conflicts (1996 - ) )
  • Stage

    Other
  • Conflict nature

    Inter-group
  • Peace process

    CAR: African Initiative (and related) Process
  • Parties

    Gal Al-Katim Mahamat, MPC;
    Gal Bi-Sidi Soulemane, 3r;
    P/Gal d’Armee Ali Darrassa, UPC, p/o Ali Garba;
    P/Gal Noueidine Adam, FPRC, p/o Gal Salet Zabadi;
    Officer Maxime Mokom, Anti-Balaka/Aile Mokom;
    P/Dieudonne Ndomate, Anti-Balaka/Aile Ngaissona, p.o. Sylvain Beorofei,
  • Third parties

    -
  • Description

    A short inter-group agreement denunciating the government's handling of the implementation of the 2019 agreement. The agreement provides for i/ the creation of a coalition of armed groups, ii/ the protection of civilian populations, iii/ the preservation of places of worship and economic infrastructures, and iv/ the protection and free mobility of MINUSCA, NGOs and diplomatic missions.


Groups

  • Children/youth

    No specific mention.

  • Disabled persons

    No specific mention.

  • Elderly/age

    No specific mention.

  • Migrant workers

    No specific mention.

  • Racial/ethnic/national group

    No specific mention.

  • Religious groups
    Groups→Religious groups→Rhetorical
    Page 2,
    We solemnly declare as follows:
    3. We call on all our members to:
    [make a commitment] to conservation and securing public and private buildings, places of worship and economic infrastructure;
  • Indigenous people

    No specific mention.

  • Other groups

    No specific mention.

  • Refugees/displaced persons

    No specific mention.

  • Social class

    No specific mention.


Gender

  • Women, girls and gender

    No specific mention.

  • Men and boys

    No specific mention.

  • LGBTI

    No specific mention.

  • Family

    No specific mention.


State definition

  • Nature of state (general)

    No specific mention.

  • State configuration

    No specific mention.

  • Self determination

    No specific mention.

  • Referendum

    No specific mention.

  • State symbols

    No specific mention.

  • Independence/secession

    No specific mention.

  • Accession/unification

    No specific mention.

  • Border delimitation

    No specific mention.

  • Cross-border provision

    No specific mention.


Governance

  • Political institutions (new or reformed)

    No specific mention.

  • Elections

    No specific mention.

  • Electoral commission

    No specific mention.

  • Political parties reform

    No specific mention.

  • Civil society

    No specific mention.

  • Traditional/religious leaders

    No specific mention.

  • Public administration

    No specific mention.

  • Constitution

    No specific mention.


Power sharing

  • Political power sharing

    No specific mention.

  • Territorial power sharing

    No specific mention.

  • Economic power sharing

    No specific mention.

  • Military power sharing

    No specific mention.


Human rights and equality

  • Human rights/RoL general

    No specific mention.

  • Bill of rights/similar

    No specific mention.

  • Treaty incorporation

    No specific mention.

  • Civil and political rights

    No specific mention.

  • Socio-economic rights

    No specific mention.


Rights related issues

  • Citizenship

    No specific mention.

  • Democracy

    No specific mention.

  • Detention procedures

    No specific mention.

  • Media and communication

    No specific mention.

  • Mobility/access
    Page 1-2
    We solemnly declare as follows:
    3. We call on all our members to:
    [p]rotect United Nations, MINUSCA, and all international and national NGO vehicles, and all diplomatic processions, and allow them to pass freely;
  • Protection measures
    Rights related issues→Protection measures→Protection of civilians
    Page 1-2
    We solemnly declare as follows:
    3. We call on all our members to:
    fully [r]espect the integrity of civilian populations, prot[ect] them and protect their property;
  • Other

    No specific mention.


Rights institutions

  • NHRI

    No specific mention.

  • Regional or international human rights institutions

    No specific mention.


Justice sector reform

  • Criminal justice and emergency law

    No specific mention.

  • State of emergency provisions

    No specific mention.

  • Judiciary and courts

    No specific mention.

  • Prisons and detention

    No specific mention.

  • Traditional Laws

    No specific mention.


Socio-economic reconstruction

  • Development or socio-economic reconstruction
    Socio-economic reconstruction→Development or socio-economic reconstruction→Socio-economic development
    Page 2,
    We solemnly declare as follows:
    3. We call on all our members to:
    (text cut off) from now on, all our actions towards the goals of economic develop[ment], social cohesion and making the country safe.
  • National economic plan

    No specific mention.

  • Natural resources

    No specific mention.

  • International funds

    No specific mention.

  • Business

    No specific mention.

  • Taxation

    No specific mention.

  • Banks

    No specific mention.


Land, property and environment

  • Land reform/rights

    No specific mention.

  • Pastoralist/nomadism rights

    No specific mention.

  • Cultural heritage

    No specific mention.

  • Environment

    No specific mention.

  • Water or riparian rights or access

    No specific mention.


Security sector

  • Security Guarantees

    No specific mention.

  • Ceasefire

    No specific mention.

  • Police

    No specific mention.

  • Armed forces

    No specific mention.

  • DDR

    No specific mention.

  • Intelligence services

    No specific mention.

  • Parastatal/rebel and opposition group forces
    Page 1,
    We solemnly declare as follows:
    1. We hereby resolve to merge all our movements into a single entity, known as the COALITION OF PATRIOTS FOR CHANGE (C.P.C. for short), placed under a unified command.
    2. We invite all the other armed groups to join this large democratic front in order to take part in the rebuilding of the Central African Republic.
  • Withdrawal of foreign forces

    No specific mention.

  • Corruption

    No specific mention.

  • Crime/organised crime

    No specific mention.

  • Drugs

    No specific mention.

  • Terrorism

    No specific mention.


Transitional justice

  • Transitional justice general

    No specific mention.

  • Amnesty/pardon

    No specific mention.

  • Courts

    No specific mention.

  • Mechanism

    No specific mention.

  • Prisoner release

    No specific mention.

  • Vetting

    No specific mention.

  • Victims

    No specific mention.

  • Missing persons

    No specific mention.

  • Reparations

    No specific mention.

  • Reconciliation
    Page 2,
    We solemnly declare as follows:
    3. We call on all our members to:
    (text cut off) from now on, all our actions towards the goals of economic develop[ment], social cohesion and making the country safe.

Implementation

  • UN signatory

    No specific mention.

  • Other international signatory

    No specific mention.

  • Referendum for agreement

    No specific mention.

  • International mission/force/similar
    Page 1-2
    We solemnly declare as follows:
    3. We call on all our members to:
    [p]rotect United Nations, MINUSCA, and all international and national NGO vehicles, and all diplomatic processions, and allow them to pass freely;
  • Enforcement mechanism

    No specific mention.

  • Related cases

    No specific mention.

  • Source
    https://undocs.org/pdf?symbol=en/S/2021/87 (page 82-3) [link may be broken]
    document also found at https://digitallibrary.un.org/record/3899092?ln=en (accessed on 6/6/2022)

DECLARATION NO.

01

We, the undersigned

Gal Al-Katim Mahamat, MPC;

Gal Bi-Sidi Soulemane, 3r;

P/Gal d’Armee Ali Darrassa, UPC, p/o Ali Garba;

P/Gal Noueidine Adam, FPRC, p/o Gal Salet Zabadi;

Officer Maxime Mokom, Anti-Balaka/Aile Mokom;

P/Dieudonne Ndomate, Anti-Balaka/Aile Ngaissona, p.o.

Sylvain Beorofei,

Leaders of the various Armed Groups occupying almost the entire territory of the Central African Republic,

Being aware that we have, until now, been manipulated by an unscrupulous and visionless government, concerned only with the swift and groundless personal enrichment of its members;

Considering that no country in the world can develop in a “neither war nor peace” environment, nor in the context of perpetual insecurity;

Considering that the suffering the Central African people have endured for seven years of armed conflict and deprivation of liberty is prejudicial to any development;

Being eager to begin a new chapter of peace, stability, inter-community amnesty and participation of all the sons and daughters of the Central African Republic in its economic development, far from the intricacies and intrigues of politics;

Being eager to commit the Central African Republic to both open diplomacy with all allied countries and win-win cooperation, on one hand;

and large-scale economic integration in Central Africa, on the other hand;

We solemnly declare as follows:

We hereby resolve to merge all our movements into a single entity, known as the COALITION OF PATRIOTS FOR CHANGE (C.P.C. for short), placed under a unified command.

We invite all the other armed groups to join this large democratic front in order to take part in the rebuilding of the Central African Republic.

We call on all our members to:

fully [r]espect the integrity of civilian populations, prot[ect] them and protect their property;

[make a commitment] to conservation and securing public and private buildings, places of worship and economic infrastructure;

[p]rotect United Nations, MINUSCA, and all international and national NGO vehicles, and all diplomatic processions, and allow them to pass freely;

(text cut off) from now on, all our actions towards the goals of economic develop[ment], social cohesion and making the country safe.

Together we will overcome!

Done in BANGUI, on 17 December 2020

The signatories