Declaration on the End of the Rebellious Action, Bangui (Bangui Accords)

  • Country/entity

    Central African Republic
  • Region

    Africa (excl MENA)
  • Agreement name

    Declaration on the End of the Rebellious Action, Bangui (Bangui Accords)
  • Date

    25 Jan 1997
  • Agreement status

    Multiparty signed/agreed
  • Interim arrangement

    Yes
  • Agreement/conflict level

    Intrastate/intrastate conflict ( Central African Republic Conflicts (1996 - ) )
  • Stage

    Implementation/renegotiation
  • Conflict nature

    Government
  • Peace process

    CAR: Bangui process
  • Parties

    For the International Monitoring
    (Signed) Amadou Toumani TOURE

    For the Officers:
    Committee:
    (Signed) Anicet SAULET
    Chairman Captain
  • Third parties

    -
  • Description

    An agreement of 'Officers' and the International Monitoring Committee established by the Heads of State, to take into account the general report and recommendations adopted by the 'Committee on Conssensus-building and Dialogue on 18 January 1997 in Bangui.


Groups

  • Children/youth

    No specific mention.

  • Disabled persons

    No specific mention.

  • Elderly/age

    No specific mention.

  • Migrant workers

    No specific mention.

  • Racial/ethnic/national group

    No specific mention.

  • Religious groups

    No specific mention.

  • Indigenous people

    No specific mention.

  • Other groups

    No specific mention.

  • Refugees/displaced persons

    No specific mention.

  • Social class

    No specific mention.


Gender

  • Women, girls and gender

    No specific mention.

  • Men and boys

    No specific mention.

  • LGBTI

    No specific mention.

  • Family

    No specific mention.


State definition

  • Nature of state (general)

    No specific mention.

  • State configuration

    No specific mention.

  • Self determination

    No specific mention.

  • Referendum

    No specific mention.

  • State symbols

    No specific mention.

  • Independence/secession

    No specific mention.

  • Accession/unification

    No specific mention.

  • Border delimitation

    No specific mention.

  • Cross-border provision

    No specific mention.


Governance

  • Political institutions (new or reformed)

    No specific mention.

  • Elections

    No specific mention.

  • Electoral commission

    No specific mention.

  • Political parties reform

    No specific mention.

  • Civil society

    No specific mention.

  • Traditional/religious leaders

    No specific mention.

  • Public administration

    No specific mention.

  • Constitution

    No specific mention.


Power sharing

  • Political power sharing

    No specific mention.

  • Territorial power sharing

    No specific mention.

  • Economic power sharing

    No specific mention.

  • Military power sharing

    No specific mention.


Human rights and equality

  • Human rights/RoL general
    Page 1, DECLARATION ON THE END OF REBELLIOUS ACTION
    Concerned about strengthening the democratic process and the rule of law and about ensuring respect for human rights, safeguarding Central African democratic gains and preserving peace and national unity

    Page 1, WE DECLARE AS FOLLOWS
    ...
    3. We request a halt to all forms of constraint on collective and individual freedoms, including searches of persons and of premises and arrests.
  • Bill of rights/similar

    No specific mention.

  • Treaty incorporation

    No specific mention.

  • Civil and political rights

    No specific mention.

  • Socio-economic rights

    No specific mention.


Rights related issues

  • Citizenship

    No specific mention.

  • Democracy
    Page 1, DECLARATION ON THE END OF REBELLIOUS ACTION
    Concerned about strengthening the democratic process and the rule of law and about ensuring respect for human rights, safeguarding Central African democratic gains and preserving peace and national unity

    Page 1, WE DECLARE AS FOLLOWS
    ...
    2. Pending the implementation of the recommendations of the Committee on Consensus-building and Dialogue, the purpose of which is to strengthen the current democratic process in our country, we affirm that the rebellious action triggered on 15 November 1996 is ended as from today.
  • Detention procedures

    No specific mention.

  • Media and communication

    No specific mention.

  • Mobility/access

    No specific mention.

  • Protection measures

    No specific mention.

  • Other

    No specific mention.


Rights institutions

  • NHRI

    No specific mention.

  • Regional or international human rights institutions

    No specific mention.


Justice sector reform

  • Criminal justice and emergency law

    No specific mention.

  • State of emergency provisions

    No specific mention.

  • Judiciary and courts

    No specific mention.

  • Prisons and detention

    No specific mention.

  • Traditional Laws

    No specific mention.


Socio-economic reconstruction

  • Development or socio-economic reconstruction

    No specific mention.

  • National economic plan

    No specific mention.

  • Natural resources

    No specific mention.

  • International funds

    No specific mention.

  • Business

    No specific mention.

  • Taxation

    No specific mention.

  • Banks

    No specific mention.


Land, property and environment

  • Land reform/rights

    No specific mention.

  • Pastoralist/nomadism rights

    No specific mention.

  • Cultural heritage

    No specific mention.

  • Environment

    No specific mention.

  • Water or riparian rights or access

    No specific mention.


Security sector

  • Security Guarantees

    No specific mention.

  • Ceasefire
    Security sector→Ceasefire→General commitments
    Page 1, WE DECLARE AS FOLLOWS
    ...
    2. Pending the implementation of the recommendations of the Committee on Consensus-building and Dialogue, the purpose of which is to strengthen the current democratic process in our country, we affirm that the rebellious action triggered on 15 November 1996 is ended as from today.
  • Police

    No specific mention.

  • Armed forces

    No specific mention.

  • DDR

    No specific mention.

  • Intelligence services

    No specific mention.

  • Parastatal/rebel and opposition group forces

    No specific mention.

  • Withdrawal of foreign forces

    No specific mention.

  • Corruption

    No specific mention.

  • Crime/organised crime

    No specific mention.

  • Drugs

    No specific mention.

  • Terrorism

    No specific mention.


Transitional justice

  • Transitional justice general

    No specific mention.

  • Amnesty/pardon

    No specific mention.

  • Courts

    No specific mention.

  • Mechanism

    No specific mention.

  • Prisoner release
    Page 2, WE DECLARE AS FOLLOWS
    ...
    4. We request the release of all persons apprehended in the course of the rebellious action.
  • Vetting

    No specific mention.

  • Victims
    Page 2, WE DECLARE AS FOLLOWS
    ...
    5. We request that a monument to the memory of civilian and military victims of the three rebellions be built in Bangui.
  • Missing persons

    No specific mention.

  • Reparations
    Transitional justice→Reparations→Symbolic reparations
    Page 2, WE DECLARE AS FOLLOWS
    ...
    5. We request that a monument to the memory of civilian and military victims of the three rebellions be built in Bangui.
  • Reconciliation

    No specific mention.


Implementation

  • UN signatory

    No specific mention.

  • Other international signatory
    For the International Monitoring
    (Signed) Amadou Toumani TOURE
  • Referendum for agreement

    No specific mention.

  • International mission/force/similar

    No specific mention.

  • Enforcement mechanism
    aPage 1, UNTITLED PREAMBLE
    ...
    Bearing in mind that, in the wake of this mission, the International Monitoring Committee was established to implement the measures contained in the final communiqué of 8 December 1996 and to find a peaceful and lasting solution to the Central African crisis, and noting the encouraging results achieved

    Page 2, WE DECLARE AS FOLLOWS
    6. We request that the International Monitoring Committee be maintained in order to ensure full compliance with the recommendations resulting from the work of the Committee on Consensus-building and Dialogue and the Declaration prior to the agreement to end the rebellion adopted on 24 January 1997 in Bangui.
  • Related cases

    No specific mention.

  • Source
    UN Peacemaker. Available at: https://peacemaker.un.org/carbanguiaccords97 (Accessed 6 October 2020).

Declaration on the end of the rebellious action

Bearing in mind that the Nineteenth Summit Meeting of Heads of State and

Government of France and Africa, held at Ouagadougou from 4 to 6 December 1996, decided to send to

Bangui a mediation mission consisting of Their Excellencies El Hadj Omar Bongo of Gabon, Mr. Blaise

Compaoré of Burkina Faso,

Mr. Idriss Deby of Chad and Mr. Alpha-Oumar Konaré of Mali;

Bearing in mind that, in the wake of this mission, the International Monitoring Committee was

established to implement the measures contained in the final communiqué of 8 December 1996 and to

find a peaceful and lasting solution to the Central African crisis, and noting the encouraging

results achieved;

Bearing in mind the address of the President of the Republic on

31 December 1996 announcing a number of measures to relax tension and issuing an appeal to rally

the nation;

Concerned about strengthening the democratic process and the rule of law and about ensuring respect

for human rights, safeguarding Central African democratic gains and preserving peace and national

unity;

Taking into account the recommendations adopted by the General Meeting on National Defence on 9

September 1996 in Bangui;

Taking into account the general report and recommendations adopted by the Committee on

Consensus-building and Dialogue on 18 January 1997 in Bangui;

Taking into account the Declaration prior to the agreement to end the rebellion adopted on 24

January 1997 in Bangui;

Determined, in the best interests of the Central African nation and the African continent, to

employ dialogue and concerted efforts as the means to avert any return to armed confrontation;

We declare as follows:

1. We take note of the conclusions of the work of the Committee on Consensus- building and

Dialogue, meeting from 11 to 18 January 1997 in Bangui, and we undertake to respect the provisions

that concern us.

2. Pending the implementation of the recommendations of the Committee on Consensus-building and

Dialogue, the purpose of which is to strengthen the current democratic process in our country, we

affirm that the rebellious action triggered on 15 November 1996 is ended as from today.

3. We request a halt to all forms of constraint on collective and individual freedoms, including

searches of persons and of premises and arrests.

4. We request the release of all persons apprehended in the course of the rebellious action.

5. We request that a monument to the memory of civilian and military victims of the three

rebellions be built in Bangui.

6. We request that the International Monitoring Committee be maintained in order to ensure full

compliance with the recommendations resulting from the work of the Committee on Consensus-building

and Dialogue and the Declaration prior to the agreement to end the rebellion adopted on 24 January

1997 in Bangui.

7. We request all the parties to settle all future differences and disagreements by some means

other than the use of weapons.

8. We urge the public authorities to take into account the safeguards enumerated in the

Declaration prior to the agreement to end the rebellion.

The present Declaration is being drawn up with the International Monitoring Committee as witness,

under the auspices of His Excellency El Hadj Omar Bongo, President of the Gabonese Republic, head

of the delegation of heads of State designated by the Nineteenth Summit Meeting of France and

Africa.

Done at Bangui, on 25 January 1997.

For the International Monitoring For the Officers:

Committee:

(Signed) Amadou Toumani TOURE (Signed) Anicet SAULET Chairman

Captain