Seven Point Peace Plan (Muscat Principles)

  • Country/entity

    Yemen
  • Region

    Middle East and North Africa
  • Agreement name

    Seven Point Peace Plan (Muscat Principles)
  • Date

    19 Oct 2015
  • Agreement status

    Agreement with subsequent status
  • Interim arrangement

    Yes
  • Agreement/conflict level

    Intrastate/intrastate conflict ( Yemeni Civil Wars (1994) (2011 - ) )
  • Stage

    Pre-negotiation/process
  • Conflict nature

    Government
  • Peace process

    Yemen peace process
  • Parties

    Yemeni Government led by President Hadi; Ansar Allah led by Abdel Malik al-Houthi; General People's Congress led by ex-President Saleh;
  • Third parties

    Omani Government
  • Description

    Short list of seven points offered in response to the Saudi Intervention of March 23, 2015. The Principles were subsequently accepted by Ansar Allah in a letter to Ban Ki-Moon on 19 October 2015 (attached in PDF document, not coded). The General People's Congress also affirmed their commitment to the Principles in October 2015, although the exact date is unknown. Along with UNSC resolution 2216, the principles framed the 2015- peace process.


Groups

  • Children/youth

    No specific mention.

  • Disabled persons

    No specific mention.

  • Elderly/age

    No specific mention.

  • Migrant workers

    No specific mention.

  • Racial/ethnic/national group

    No specific mention.

  • Religious groups

    No specific mention.

  • Indigenous people

    No specific mention.

  • Other groups

    No specific mention.

  • Refugees/displaced persons

    No specific mention.

  • Social class

    No specific mention.


Gender

  • Women, girls and gender

    No specific mention.

  • Men and boys

    No specific mention.

  • LGBTI

    No specific mention.

  • Family

    No specific mention.


State definition

  • Nature of state (general)

    No specific mention.

  • State configuration

    No specific mention.

  • Self determination

    No specific mention.

  • Referendum

    No specific mention.

  • State symbols

    No specific mention.

  • Independence/secession

    No specific mention.

  • Accession/unification

    No specific mention.

  • Border delimitation

    No specific mention.

  • Cross-border provision

    No specific mention.


Governance

  • Political institutions (new or reformed)
    Governance→Political institutions (new or reformed)→General references
    Page 1, (2) The restoration of the president Abd Rabbo Mansour Hadi and the government of Khalid Bahah;
  • Elections
    Page 1, (3) Early parliamentary and presidential elections;
  • Electoral commission

    No specific mention.

  • Political parties reform
    Governance→Political parties reform→Rebels transitioning to political parties
    Page 1, (5) The conversion of the Houthis into a political party;
  • Civil society

    No specific mention.

  • Traditional/religious leaders

    No specific mention.

  • Public administration

    No specific mention.

  • Constitution

    No specific mention.


Power sharing

  • Political power sharing

    No specific mention.

  • Territorial power sharing

    No specific mention.

  • Economic power sharing

    No specific mention.

  • Military power sharing

    No specific mention.


Human rights and equality

  • Human rights/RoL general

    No specific mention.

  • Bill of rights/similar

    No specific mention.

  • Treaty incorporation

    No specific mention.

  • Civil and political rights

    No specific mention.

  • Socio-economic rights

    No specific mention.


Rights related issues

  • Citizenship

    No specific mention.

  • Democracy

    No specific mention.

  • Detention procedures

    No specific mention.

  • Media and communication

    No specific mention.

  • Mobility/access

    No specific mention.

  • Protection measures

    No specific mention.

  • Other

    No specific mention.


Rights institutions

  • NHRI

    No specific mention.

  • Regional or international human rights institutions

    No specific mention.


Justice sector reform

  • Criminal justice and emergency law

    No specific mention.

  • State of emergency provisions

    No specific mention.

  • Judiciary and courts

    No specific mention.

  • Prisons and detention

    No specific mention.

  • Traditional Laws

    No specific mention.


Socio-economic reconstruction

  • Development or socio-economic reconstruction

    No specific mention.

  • National economic plan

    No specific mention.

  • Natural resources

    No specific mention.

  • International funds
    Page 1, (6) An international aid conference attended by donor states;
  • Business
    Page 1, (7) Yemen entering the Gulf Cooperation Council.
  • Taxation

    No specific mention.

  • Banks

    No specific mention.


Land, property and environment

  • Land reform/rights

    No specific mention.

  • Pastoralist/nomadism rights

    No specific mention.

  • Cultural heritage

    No specific mention.

  • Environment

    No specific mention.

  • Water or riparian rights or access

    No specific mention.


Security sector

  • Security Guarantees

    No specific mention.

  • Ceasefire

    No specific mention.

  • Police

    No specific mention.

  • Armed forces

    No specific mention.

  • DDR
    Security sector→DDR→Demilitarisation provisions
    Page 1, (1) The withdrawal of the Houthis and forces loyal to deposed president Ali Abdullah Saleh from all Yemeni cities and the return of military hardware and munitions seized from the army;
  • Intelligence services

    No specific mention.

  • Parastatal/rebel and opposition group forces
    Page 1, (1) The withdrawal of the Houthis and forces loyal to deposed president Ali Abdullah Saleh from all Yemeni cities and the return of military hardware and munitions seized from the army;
  • Withdrawal of foreign forces

    No specific mention.

  • Corruption

    No specific mention.

  • Crime/organised crime

    No specific mention.

  • Drugs

    No specific mention.

  • Terrorism

    No specific mention.


Transitional justice

  • Transitional justice general

    No specific mention.

  • Amnesty/pardon

    No specific mention.

  • Courts

    No specific mention.

  • Mechanism

    No specific mention.

  • Prisoner release

    No specific mention.

  • Vetting

    No specific mention.

  • Victims

    No specific mention.

  • Missing persons

    No specific mention.

  • Reparations

    No specific mention.

  • Reconciliation

    No specific mention.


Implementation

  • UN signatory

    No specific mention.

  • Other international signatory

    No specific mention.

  • Referendum for agreement

    No specific mention.

  • International mission/force/similar

    No specific mention.

  • Enforcement mechanism

    No specific mention.

  • Related cases

    No specific mention.

  • Source
    Source: ‘Oman offers seven-point peace plan for Yemen’, Al-Araby, 24 April 2015, https://www.alaraby.co.uk/english/news/2015/4/24/oman-offers-seven-point-peace-plan-for-yemen [accessed 6 July 2016]

The Muscat Principles, April 2015

(1) The withdrawal of the Houthis and forces loyal to deposed president Ali Abdullah Saleh from all Yemeni cities and the return of military hardware and munitions seized from the army;

(2) The restoration of the president Abd Rabbo Mansour Hadi and the government of Khalid Bahah;

(3) Early parliamentary and presidential elections;

(4) An agreement signed by all Yemeni parties;

(5) The conversion of the Houthis into a political party;

(6) An international aid conference attended by donor states;

(7) Yemen entering the Gulf Cooperation Council.