Lou Nuer-Dinka Bor-Murle Action for Peace, Jonglei State

  • Country/entity

    South Sudan
  • Region

    Africa (excl MENA)
  • Agreement name

    Lou Nuer-Dinka Bor-Murle Action for Peace, Jonglei State
  • Date

    25 Mar 2021
  • Agreement status

    Multiparty signed/agreed
  • Interim arrangement

    Yes
  • Agreement/conflict level

    Intrastate/local conflict ( Sudan Conflicts (1955 - ) )
  • Stage

    Framework/substantive - partial
  • Conflict nature

    Inter-group
  • Peace process

    South Sudan: Post-secession Local agreements
  • Parties

    Liyliy Yieh Chan - Lou Nuer Youth Leaders' Representative
    Kangach Chiok Deng - Lou Nuer Paramount Chiefs' Representative
    Mary Nyapet Puok - Lou Nuer Women's Representative
    Alek Many - Dinka Bor Youth Leaders' Representative
    Malak Ayuen Mayen + Dinka Bor Paramount Chiefs’ Represenative
    Alek Manyuon Deng – Dinka Bor Women’s Representative
    Turyal Peluk Oleyo – Murle Youth Leaders’ Representative
    Nyathiko Gola Labarech – Murle Paramount Chiefs’ Representative
    Mary Beri Oleyeo – Murle Women’s Representative
  • Third parties

    Page 5:
    Guaranteed by 

    Gok Deng Dak Kueth Deng 

    Spiritual leader

    ... 

    The facilitation of the Conference was supported by UK Aid, USAID and UNMISS
  • Description

    This local agreement aims to resolve the violent conflict between the Lou Nuer, Dinka Bor,and Murle groups in Jonglei, South Sudan. The violence among these groups resulted in deaths, abductions of women and children, cattle theft. This agreement is the result of wide inter-communal talks, which included the chiefs, women's groups and youth groups, and which were supported by Gok Deng Dak Kueth Deng (Spiritual leader) and facilitated by UK Aid, USAID and UNMISS. In the agreement, the communities pledge to support peace efforts, and develop modalities for punishment of perpetrators, return of abducted women and children, and return of stolen cattle.


Groups

  • Children/youth
    Groups→Children/youth→Substantive
    Page 2:
    Resolutions
    1 . Regarding abducted children and women
    1 .1 . Youth leaders are the ones to lead the collection of abducted children.
    1 .2. Women have committed to participate in the child identification and recovery effort.
    1 .3. Collection will be done in close collaboration with chiefs and local authorities in the areas. If someone refuses to surrender a child, the government can intervene.
    1 .4. The Conference agrees that the reunification process will be ongoing, beginning with the exchange of all the women and children currently held in Pibor and Pieri.
    1 .5. The Conference requests construction of transitional centres for children in Pieri, Pibor and Bor Town that include provision for incoming and outgoing abductees. This may be extended to Akobo East and possible other centres.
    1 .6. NGOs are requested to support with the construction and services of the transitional centres and with transporting of the women and children.
    1 .7. Youth leaders and chiefs, as necessary, are to travel between communities during the collection of abducted children so as to help the tracing process.
    1 .8. Reunification of children is to be undertaken as soon as practicable in order that communities build trust and confidence in the peace process, also to encourage perpetrators and communities to surrender the remaining children.
    1 .9.     Final verification can be completed through the transitional centres.
    1 .1 0. In more complicated cases, for example women who were abducted and have become mothers, will first be returned and if there is a marriage request the case can be picked up from their community of origin.
    1 .1 1 . Women demanded that they be included in all steps of these processes.

    Page 3-4:
    5.     Regarding the dissemination of the Peace
    5.8.      Youth leaders requested three Thuraya phones, or a general improvement to mobile network coverage, to facilitate their work of collecting the abducted children, curb cattle raiding and related criminal activities.

    Page 4:
    6.     Regarding measures to strengthen development
    6.1.      The Conference reaffirmed the development priorities outlined in Section 6 of the Rumbek Commitment to Peace, with further emphasis on the following:
    ...
    6.1.3.   The Conference, and women in particular, repeated the proposal for a tri-communal boarding school to be established in the border areas, for confidence and trust building. The Conference also proposed the introduction of Pastoralist Education schemes.
    ...
    6.1.6.   The Conference requested the provision of agricultural tools and vocational training for youth, to transition to a sustainable livelihood beyond conflict.
  • Disabled persons

    No specific mention.

  • Elderly/age

    No specific mention.

  • Migrant workers

    No specific mention.

  • Racial/ethnic/national group

    No specific mention.

  • Religious groups

    No specific mention.

  • Indigenous people

    No specific mention.

  • Other groups

    No specific mention.

  • Refugees/displaced persons

    No specific mention.

  • Social class

    No specific mention.


Gender

  • Women, girls and gender
    Page 1:
    Preamble
    We, representatives of youth leaders, traditional leaders, and women from the Dinka Bor, Murle and Lou Nuer communities;
    Aware that the current conflict has caused deep and prolonged suffering in all our communities, particularly affecting women and children;

    Page 2:
    Resolutions
    1. Regarding abducted children and women
    1.1. Youth leaders are the ones to lead the collection of abducted children.
    1.2. Women have committed to participate in the child identification and recovery effort.
    1.3. Collection will be done in close collaboration with chiefs and local authorities in the areas. If someone refuses to surrender a child, the government can intervene.
    1.4. The Conference agrees that the reunification process will be ongoing, beginning with the exchange of all the women and children currently held in Pibor and Pieri.
    1.5. The Conference requests construction of transitional centres for children in Pieri, Pibor and Bor Town that include provision for incoming and outgoing abductees. This may be extended to Akobo East and possible other centres.
    1.6. NGOs are requested to support with the construction and services of the transitional centres and with transporting of the women and children.
    1.7. Youth leaders and chiefs, as necessary, are to travel between communities during the collection of abducted children so as to help the tracing process.
    1.8. Reunification of children is to be undertaken as soon as practicable in order that communities build trust and confidence in the peace process, also to encourage perpetrators and communities to surrender the remaining children.
    1.9. Final verification can be completed through the transitional centres.
    1.10. In more complicated cases, for example women who were abducted and have become mothers, will first be returned and if there is a marriage request the case can be picked up from their community of origin.
    1.11. Women demanded that they be included in all steps of these processes.

    Page 3-4:
    5. Regarding the dissemination of the Peace
    5.4. The women have underlined the importance of peace and reconciliation, love and forgiveness, and praying to God together for mercy and grace. Women will return and commit to warning their sons to stop raiding other communities. If a problem persists, they have warned they will milk out the milk from their breasts to the floor as a curse to the young men who have violated the peace.
    5.5. Women from the three communities must stand up to ensure that this peace is holding, particularly through advocacy and moving between locations, talking to people. Women must unite, regardless of their tribe. They should be provided with communication tools, as well as the men. Women have requested radio talk shows to publicise the message of peace among the three tribes; to be known nationwide, regionally, and globally.
    5.6. Women propose the formation of a Women's Peace Committee, and three (one from each community) appointed as an initial Steering Committee. They request being given a uniform of the same colour and this committee is the one to move from Dinka Bor to Murle to Lou Nuer as a Committee that preaches peace. If the women are together in a location, youth may also fear to attack.
    5.7. Women will encourage inter-marriages between the three tribes; they are the guardians of the daughters.

    Page 4:
    6. Regarding measures to strengthen development
    ...
    6.1.2. Women request equitable provision of tailoring machines, soap making and other activities for women.
    6.1.3. The Conference, and women in particular, repeated the proposal for a tri-communal boarding school to be established in the border areas, for confidence and trust building. The Conference also proposed the introduction of Pastoralist Education schemes.
    6.1.4. Women request for micro-finance schemes for youth in order for them to improve livelihoods.
    ...
    6.1.8. Women have proposed the establishment of business centres and cooperatives for women of the three communities in different locations across the Greater Jonglei.

    Page 5:
    Signed 
    ...
    Mary Nyapet Puok - Lou Nuer Women's Representative 
    ...
    Alek Manyuon Deng – Dinka Bor Women’s Representative 
    ...
    Mary Beri Oleyeo – Murle Women’s Representative
  • Men and boys

    No specific mention.

  • LGBTI

    No specific mention.

  • Family

    No specific mention.


State definition

  • Nature of state (general)

    No specific mention.

  • State configuration

    No specific mention.

  • Self determination

    No specific mention.

  • Referendum

    No specific mention.

  • State symbols

    No specific mention.

  • Independence/secession

    No specific mention.

  • Accession/unification

    No specific mention.

  • Border delimitation

    No specific mention.

  • Cross-border provision

    No specific mention.


Governance

  • Political institutions (new or reformed)

    No specific mention.

  • Elections

    No specific mention.

  • Electoral commission

    No specific mention.

  • Political parties reform

    No specific mention.

  • Civil society

    No specific mention.

  • Traditional/religious leaders
    Page 3:
    4.     Regarding traditional justice and governance mechanisms
    4.1.      Perpetrators since the beginning of this process, 10 December 2021 , must be arrested and face the justice process.
    4.2.      If a perpetrator remains in hiding, the Chief of their community will be arrested as the community representative responsible for his community.
    4.3.  The traditional chiefs call for the establishment of a Traditional Leaders' Circuit Court that moves through the three communities to address inter-communal issues. The Court would be responsible for addressing issues of inter-communal raiding, abductions and violence, and disputes over abducted children, and women.    
    4.4.      The Conference requests the support of the international community with the transport and logistics of the Traditional Leaders' Circuit Court.
    4.5.      Traditional leaders requested capacity building on good governance, with particular reference to conflict resolution.
    4.6.      The Chiefs have said the compensation must be paid for the deaths in the period since December. The agreed compensation for the recent killings should be 50 cows.
  • Public administration

    No specific mention.

  • Constitution

    No specific mention.


Power sharing

  • Political power sharing

    No specific mention.

  • Territorial power sharing

    No specific mention.

  • Economic power sharing

    No specific mention.

  • Military power sharing

    No specific mention.


Human rights and equality

  • Human rights/RoL general

    No specific mention.

  • Bill of rights/similar

    No specific mention.

  • Treaty incorporation

    No specific mention.

  • Civil and political rights

    No specific mention.

  • Socio-economic rights
    Human rights and equality→Socio-economic rights→Education
    Page 4:
    6.     Regarding measures to strengthen development
    6.1.      The Conference reaffirmed the development priorities outlined in Section 6 of the Rumbek Commitment to Peace, with further emphasis on the following:
    ...
    6.1.3.   The Conference, and women in particular, repeated the proposal for a tri-communal boarding school to be established in the border areas, for confidence and trust building. The Conference also proposed the introduction of Pastoralist Education schemes.
    ...
    6.1.6.   The Conference requested the provision of agricultural tools and vocational training for youth, to transition to a sustainable livelihood beyond conflict.

Rights related issues

  • Citizenship

    No specific mention.

  • Democracy

    No specific mention.

  • Detention procedures

    No specific mention.

  • Media and communication

    No specific mention.

  • Mobility/access
    Page 4:
    6.     Regarding measures to strengthen development
    6.1.      The Conference reaffirmed the development priorities outlined in Section 6 of the Rumbek Commitment to Peace, with further emphasis on the following:
    6.1.1.   Roads as a critical enabler of livelihoods, especially between Pibor and Pieri, between Twic East and Pibor, and between Lekuangole and Akobo, as a supplement to the existing international agency plans.
    ...
    6.1.7.   Common Markets will be an essential factor of trade and improved livelihoods across the Greater regions.
  • Protection measures

    No specific mention.

  • Other

    No specific mention.


Rights institutions

  • NHRI

    No specific mention.

  • Regional or international human rights institutions

    No specific mention.


Justice sector reform

  • Criminal justice and emergency law

    No specific mention.

  • State of emergency provisions

    No specific mention.

  • Judiciary and courts
    Page 3:
    4.     Regarding traditional justice and governance mechanisms
    4.1.      Perpetrators since the beginning of this process, 10 December 2021 , must be arrested and face the justice process.
    4.2.      If a perpetrator remains in hiding, the Chief of their community will be arrested as the community representative responsible for his community.
    4.3.  The traditional chiefs call for the establishment of a Traditional Leaders' Circuit Court that moves through the three communities to address inter-communal issues. The Court would be responsible for addressing issues of inter-communal raiding, abductions and violence, and disputes over abducted children, and women.    
    4.4.      The Conference requests the support of the international community with the transport and logistics of the Traditional Leaders' Circuit Court.
    4.5.      Traditional leaders requested capacity building on good governance, with particular reference to conflict resolution.
    4.6.      The Chiefs have said the compensation must be paid for the deaths in the period since December. The agreed compensation for the recent killings should be 50 cows.
  • Prisons and detention

    No specific mention.

  • Traditional Laws
    Page 3:
    4.     Regarding traditional justice and governance mechanisms
    4.1.      Perpetrators since the beginning of this process, 10 December 2021 , must be arrested and face the justice process.
    4.2.      If a perpetrator remains in hiding, the Chief of their community will be arrested as the community representative responsible for his community.
    4.3.  The traditional chiefs call for the establishment of a Traditional Leaders' Circuit Court that moves through the three communities to address inter-communal issues. The Court would be responsible for addressing issues of inter-communal raiding, abductions and violence, and disputes over abducted children, and women.    
    4.4.      The Conference requests the support of the international community with the transport and logistics of the Traditional Leaders' Circuit Court.
    4.5.      Traditional leaders requested capacity building on good governance, with particular reference to conflict resolution.
    4.6.      The Chiefs have said the compensation must be paid for the deaths in the period since December. The agreed compensation for the recent killings should be 50 cows.

Socio-economic reconstruction

  • Development or socio-economic reconstruction
    Socio-economic reconstruction→Development or socio-economic reconstruction→Socio-economic development
    Page 4:
    6.     Regarding measures to strengthen development
    6.1.      The Conference reaffirmed the development priorities outlined in Section 6 of the Rumbek Commitment to Peace, with further emphasis on the following:
    6.1.1.   Roads as a critical enabler of livelihoods, especially between Pibor and Pieri, between Twic East and Pibor, and between Lekuangole and Akobo, as a supplement to the existing international agency plans.
    6.1.2.   Women request equitable provision of tailoring machines, soap making and other activities for women.
    6.1.3.   The Conference, and women in particular, repeated the proposal for a tri-communal boarding school to be established in the border areas, for confidence and trust building. The Conference also proposed the introduction of Pastoralist Education schemes.
    6.1.4.   Women request for micro-finance schemes for youth in order for them to improve livelihoods.
    6.1.5.   Youth have requested seed funding to establish a revolving fund, to be administered jointly by the Youth Peace Implementation Committee.
    6.1.6.   The Conference requested the provision of agricultural tools and vocational training for youth, to transition to a sustainable livelihood beyond conflict.
    6.1.7.   Common Markets will be an essential factor of trade and improved livelihoods across the Greater regions.
    6.1.8.   Women have proposed the establishment of business centres and cooperatives for women of the three communities in different locations across the Greater Jonglei.
    Socio-economic reconstruction→Development or socio-economic reconstruction→Infrastructure and reconstruction
    Page 3-4:
    5.     Regarding the dissemination of the Peace
    5.8.      Youth leaders requested three Thuraya phones, or a general improvement to mobile network coverage, to facilitate their work of collecting the abducted children, curb cattle raiding and related criminal activities.

    Page 4:
    6.     Regarding measures to strengthen development
    6.1.      The Conference reaffirmed the development priorities outlined in Section 6 of the Rumbek Commitment to Peace, with further emphasis on the following:
    6.1.1.   Roads as a critical enabler of livelihoods, especially between Pibor and Pieri, between Twic East and Pibor, and between Lekuangole and Akobo, as a supplement to the existing international agency plans.
  • National economic plan

    No specific mention.

  • Natural resources

    No specific mention.

  • International funds

    No specific mention.

  • Business
    Page 4:
    6.     Regarding measures to strengthen development
    6.1.      The Conference reaffirmed the development priorities outlined in Section 6 of the Rumbek Commitment to Peace, with further emphasis on the following:
    6.1.1.   Roads as a critical enabler of livelihoods, especially between Pibor and Pieri, between Twic East and Pibor, and between Lekuangole and Akobo, as a supplement to the existing international agency plans.
    6.1.2.   Women request equitable provision of tailoring machines, soap making and other activities for women.
    6.1.3.   The Conference, and women in particular, repeated the proposal for a tri-communal boarding school to be established in the border areas, for confidence and trust building. The Conference also proposed the introduction of Pastoralist Education schemes.
    6.1.4.   Women request for micro-finance schemes for youth in order for them to improve livelihoods.
    6.1.5.   Youth have requested seed funding to establish a revolving fund, to be administered jointly by the Youth Peace Implementation Committee.
    6.1.6.   The Conference requested the provision of agricultural tools and vocational training for youth, to transition to a sustainable livelihood beyond conflict.
    6.1.7.   Common Markets will be an essential factor of trade and improved livelihoods across the Greater regions.
    6.1.8.   Women have proposed the establishment of business centres and cooperatives for women of the three communities in different locations across the Greater Jonglei.
  • Taxation

    No specific mention.

  • Banks
    Socio-economic reconstruction→Banks→Personal or commercial banking
    Page 4:
    6.     Regarding measures to strengthen development
    6.1.      The Conference reaffirmed the development priorities outlined in Section 6 of the Rumbek Commitment to Peace, with further emphasis on the following:

    6.1.4.   Women request for micro-finance schemes for youth in order for them to improve livelihoods.
    6.1.5.   Youth have requested seed funding to establish a revolving fund, to be administered jointly by the Youth Peace Implementation Committee.

Land, property and environment

  • Land reform/rights

    No specific mention.

  • Pastoralist/nomadism rights
    Page 2-3:
    2.     Regarding Cattle-related incidents since December

    2.1.      All three communities condemned ongoing criminal incidents, and underlined the urgency of finding a more conclusive response to ongoing criminal raids.

    2.2.      Cattle stolen since the December Pieri Agreement must be returned to their rightful  owners. The meeting commends the GPAA Chiefs and Youth Leaders for collecting some of the stolen cattle.

    2.3.      Cattle losses, including the colour of individual cattle, are to be registered before the transfer of cattle.

    2.4.      Murle are to separate the cattle that were stolen on the side of Dinka Bor from those stolen on the side of Lou Nuer, and drive them to Gadiang and Pieri, respectively. They will be accompanied by local government officials.

    2.5.      Returned cattle will be processed by the local authorities in those centres, and that process will be their responsibility.

    3.     Regarding future cattle related incidents

    3.1.      Youth strongly affirmed their ownership of the peace process and commitment to stop attacks.

    3.2.      All communities reject immediate retaliation against incidents. It is not a legitimate response to conflict incidents.

    3.3.      The Conference noted that Murle youth are still dispersed in bush areas and have not received the peace message. They are suspected to be those violating the agreement since December.

    3.4.      The Conference accepted that the Murle would be given further time to address issues of ongoing theft in these büsh areas.

    3.5.      The Youth Leaders will form a Peace Implementation Committee that will be the appropriate channel for reporting and peacefully responding to any future cattle related incidents.

    3.6.      The Youth proposed that the Committee should be facilitated to move for two weeks every two months to cover the dissemination of the peace across the three greater areas and address any emerging issues.

    3.7.      Youth Leaders proposed that there be established a joint protection force of the three youth communities, to be deployed as needed by the Peace Implementation Committee.
  • Cultural heritage

    No specific mention.

  • Environment

    No specific mention.

  • Water or riparian rights or access

    No specific mention.


Security sector

  • Security Guarantees

    No specific mention.

  • Ceasefire

    No specific mention.

  • Police

    No specific mention.

  • Armed forces

    No specific mention.

  • DDR

    No specific mention.

  • Intelligence services

    No specific mention.

  • Parastatal/rebel and opposition group forces
    Page 3, Resolutions
    3. Regarding future cattle incidents
    3.7. Youth Leaders proposed that there be established a joint protection force of the three youth communities, to be deployed as needed by the Peace Implementation Committee.
  • Withdrawal of foreign forces

    No specific mention.

  • Corruption

    No specific mention.

  • Crime/organised crime
    Page 2, Resolutions
    1 . Regarding abducted children and women
    1 .1 . Youth leaders are the ones to lead the collection of abducted children.
    1 .2. Women have committed to participate in the child identification and recovery effort.
    1 .3. Collection will be done in close collaboration with chiefs and local authorities in the areas. If someone refuses to surrender a child, the government can intervene.
    1 .4. The Conference agrees that the reunification process will be ongoing, beginning with the exchange of all the women and children currently held in Pibor and Pieri.
    1 .5. The Conference requests construction of transitional centres for children in Pieri, Pibor and Bor Town that include provision for incoming and outgoing abductees. This may be extended to Akobo East and possible other centres.
    1 .6. NGOs are requested to support with the construction and services of the transitional centres and with transporting of the women and children.
    1 .7. Youth leaders and chiefs, as necessary, are to travel between communities during the collection of abducted children so as to help the tracing process.
    1 .8. Reunification of children is to be undertaken as soon as practicable in order that communities build trust and confidence in the peace process, also to encourage perpetrators and communities to surrender the remaining children.
    1 .9.     Final verification can be completed through the transitional centres.
    1 .1 0. In more complicated cases, for example women who were abducted and have become mothers, will first be returned and if there is a marriage request the case can be picked up from their community of origin.
    1 .1 1 . Women demanded that they be included in all steps of these processes.
  • Drugs

    No specific mention.

  • Terrorism

    No specific mention.


Transitional justice

  • Transitional justice general

    No specific mention.

  • Amnesty/pardon

    No specific mention.

  • Courts

    No specific mention.

  • Mechanism

    No specific mention.

  • Prisoner release

    No specific mention.

  • Vetting

    No specific mention.

  • Victims
    Page 2:
    Resolutions
    1 . Regarding abducted children and women
    1 .1 . Youth leaders are the ones to lead the collection of abducted children.
    1 .2. Women have committed to participate in the child identification and recovery effort.
    1 .3. Collection will be done in close collaboration with chiefs and local authorities in the areas. If someone refuses to surrender a child, the government can intervene.
    1 .4. The Conference agrees that the reunification process will be ongoing, beginning with the exchange of all the women and children currently held in Pibor and Pieri.
    1 .5. The Conference requests construction of transitional centres for children in Pieri, Pibor and Bor Town that include provision for incoming and outgoing abductees. This may be extended to Akobo East and possible other centres.
    1 .6. NGOs are requested to support with the construction and services of the transitional centres and with transporting of the women and children.
    1 .7. Youth leaders and chiefs, as necessary, are to travel between communities during the collection of abducted children so as to help the tracing process.
    1 .8. Reunification of children is to be undertaken as soon as practicable in order that communities build trust and confidence in the peace process, also to encourage perpetrators and communities to surrender the remaining children.
    1 .9.     Final verification can be completed through the transitional centres.
    1 .1 0. In more complicated cases, for example women who were abducted and have become mothers, will first be returned and if there is a marriage request the case can be picked up from their community of origin.
    1 .1 1 . Women demanded that they be included in all steps of these processes.
  • Missing persons

    No specific mention.

  • Reparations
    Transitional justice→Reparations→Material reparations
    Page 2:
    2.     Regarding Cattle-related incidents since December
    2.2.      Cattle stolen since the December Pieri Agreement must be returned to their rightful  owners. The meeting commends the GPAA Chiefs and Youth Leaders for collecting some of the stolen cattle.

    Page 3:
    4.     Regarding traditional justice and governance mechanisms
    ...
    4.6.      The Chiefs have said the compensation must be paid for the deaths in the period since December. The agreed compensation for the recent killings should be 50 cows.
  • Reconciliation
    Page 3:
    Regarding future cattle incidents
    3.6.      The Youth proposed that the Committee should be facilitated to move for two weeks every two months to cover the dissemination of the peace across the three greater areas and address any emerging issues.

    Page 3-4:
    5.     Regarding the dissemination of the Peace

    5.1.      Following the Conference, Chiefs commit to taking an active role in the dissemination of the Pieri Action for Peace, in Pibor and Bor, and with any communities who need to hear the message, as well as with the community leaders of the three Greater regions.

    5.2.      The Chiefs will also take responsibility for appropriate rituals to be conducted in Pibor and Bor to complement the ceremonies in Pieri led by Dak Kueth.

    5.3.      The Conference agreed that the communities of Ayod and Jikany need to be reached urgently with the peace dissemination. The communities propose a caravan to take leaders from those communities to the other two sides.

    5.4.      The women have underlined the importance of peace and reconciliation, love and forgiveness, and praying to God together for mercy and grace. Women will return and commit to warning their sons to stop raiding other communities. If a problem persists, they have warned they will milk out the milk from their breasts to the floor as a curse to the young men who have violated the peace.

    5.5.      Women from the three communities must stand up to ensure that this peace is holding, particularly through advocacy and moving between locations, talking to people. Women must unite, regardless of their tribe. They should be provided with communication tools, as well as the men. Women have requested radio talk shows to publicise the message of peace among the three tribes; to be known nationwide, regionally, and globally.

    5.6.      Women propose the formation of a Women's Peace Committee, and three (one from each community) appointed as an initial Steering Committee. They request being given a uniform of the same colour and this committee is the one to move from Dinka Bor to Murle to Lou Nuer as a Committee that preaches peace. If the women are together in a location, youth may also fear to attack.

    5.7.      Women will encourage inter-marriages between the three tribes; they are the guardians of the daughters.

    5.8.      Youth leaders requested three Thuraya phones, or a general improvement to mobile network coverage, to facilitate their work of collecting the abducted children, curb cattle raiding and related criminal activities.

    5.9.      The Conference agreed that a representative delegation from the Pieri meeting would travel to Juba to disseminate the Action for Peace among the Country's leadership.

Implementation

  • UN signatory

    No specific mention.

  • Other international signatory

    No specific mention.

  • Referendum for agreement

    No specific mention.

  • International mission/force/similar

    No specific mention.

  • Enforcement mechanism

    No specific mention.

  • Related cases

    No specific mention.

  • Source

    No specific mention.


Lou Nuer-Dinka Bor-Murle

Action for Peace

24 March 2021 | Pieri I Jonglei State

The Peace Process

On 09 September 2020, through the Bor Communiqué, communities committed to 'a bottom-up approach as the only means to achieve peace through inv olvement of youth [and] local leaders of each area'.

The communities also agreed that there is a need to... [involve] fighting youth at the grassroot level by conducting peace conferences'.

On 70 December 2020, traditional and armed youth leaders of the Lou Nuer and Murle communities met in Pieri to make a resolution for peace in a spear ceremony led by Spiritual Leader, Gok Deng Dak Kueth.

From 14-18 January 2021, to expand the peace process and supporting the will of the communities for peace, Murle and Dinka Bor ArmedYouth leadership convened for a peacebuilding exchange in Rumbek,

Lakes State.

The youth leaders signed a mutual commitment to peace, witnessed by galweng leaders of Rup, Pakam, Kuei, Aliam Toc 7 and Aliam Toc 2.

From 3-6 February 2027, implementing s 5.1 of the Rumbek Commitment to Peace, youth leaders from Dinka Bor, Murle and Lou Nuer together led a peace caravan through Pibor, Pieri and Poktap, to affirm publicly to local communities their commitment to peace.

From 15-25 March 2027, implementing s 5.2 of the Rumbek Commitment to Peace, subsequently affirmed during the peace caravan, 18 delegates from each of the three communities —comprised of women, youth leaders and traditional leaders — have met in Pieri under the stewardship of the Nuer Spiritual Leader, Gok Deng Dak Kueth, to discuss practical steps forward that could give all communities confidence in the peace.

The Conference has discussed the impact of the conflict, as well as addressing questions of abduction, cattle raiding and killing of innocent civilians and the measures that need to be put in place.

Preamble

We, representatives of youth leaders, traditional leaders, and women from the Dinka Bor, Murle and Lou Nuer communities;

Aware that the current conflict has caused deep and prolonged suffering in all our communities, particularly affecting women and children;

Appreciating that the political leadership of the country and the State has allowed the current process to be led by the community;

Conscious of the different spirituartraditions within the Greater Jonglei and the Pibor

Administrative Area, and that all these traditions recognise the value of peace;

Grateful for the spiritual leadership of Gok Deng Dak Kueth in the course of this peace process, including the ritual sacrificing of four bulls at different stages of the Conference to strengthen the covenant between all communities;

Recognising that the conflict in South Sudan began in Greater Jonglei and that peace in our region can encourage peace elsewhere across the country;

Have agreed to the following:

Resolutions

1 . Regarding abducted children and women

1 .1 .

Youth leaders are the ones to lead the collection of abducted children.

1 .2.

Women have committed to participate in the child identification and recovery effort.

1 .3.

Collection will be done in close collaboration with chiefs and local authorities in the areas.

If someone refuses to surrender a child, the government can intervene.

1 .4.

The Conference agrees that the reunification process will be ongoing, beginning with the exchange of all the women and children currently held in Pibor and Pieri.

1 .5.

The Conference requests construction of transitional centres for children in Pieri, Pibor and Bor Town that include provision for incoming and outgoing abductees.

This may be extended to Akobo East and possible other centres.

1 .6.

NGOs are requested to support with the construction and services of the transitional centres and with transporting of the women and children.

1 .7.

Youth leaders and chiefs, as necessary, are to travel between communities during the collection of abducted children so as to help the tracing process.

1 .8.

Reunification of children is to be undertaken as soon as practicable in order that communities build trust and confidence in the peace process, also to encourage perpetrators and communities to surrender the remaining children.

1 .9.

Final verification can be completed through the transitional centres.

1 .1 0.

In more complicated cases, for example women who were abducted and have become mothers, will first be returned and if there is a marriage request the case can be picked up from their community of origin.

1 .1 1 .

Women demanded that they be included in all steps of these processes.

2. Regarding Cattle-related incidents since December

2.1. All three communities condemned ongoing criminal incidents, and underlined the urgency of finding a more conclusive response to ongoing criminal raids.

2.2. Cattle stolen since the December Pieri Agreement must be returned to their rightful owners.

The meeting commends the GPAA Chiefs and Youth Leaders for collecting some of the stolen cattle.

2.3. Cattle losses, including the colour of individual cattle, are to be registered before the transfer of cattle.

2.4. Murle are to separate the cattle that were stolen on the side of Dinka Bor from those stolen on the side of Lou Nuer, and drive them to Gadiang and Pieri, respectively.

They will be accompanied by local government officials.

2.5. Returned cattle will be processed by the local authorities in those centres, and that process will be their responsibility.

3. Regarding future cattle related incidents

3.1. Youth strongly affirmed their ownership of the peace process and commitment to stop attacks.

3.2. All communities reject immediate retaliation against incidents.

It is not a legitimate response to conflict incidents.

3.3. The Conference noted that Murle youth are still dispersed in bush areas and have not received the peace message.

They are suspected to be those violating the agreement since December.

3.4. The Conference accepted that the Murle would be given further time to address issues of ongoing theft in these bush areas.

3.5. The Youth Leaders will form a Peace Implementation Committee that will be the appropriate channel for reporting and peacefully responding to any future cattle related incidents.

3.6. The Youth proposed that the Committee should be facilitated to move for two weeks every two months to cover the dissemination of the peace across the three greater areas and address any emerging issues.

3.7. Youth Leaders proposed that there be established a joint protection force of the three youth communities, to be deployed as needed by the Peace Implementation Committee.

4. Regarding traditional justice and governance mechanisms

4.1. Perpetrators since the beginning of this process, 10 December 2021 , must be arrested and face the justice process.

4.2. If a perpetrator remains in hiding, the Chief of their community will be arrested as the community representative responsible for his community.

4.3. The traditional chiefs call for the establishment of a Traditional Leaders' Circuit Court that moves through the three communities to address inter-communal issues.

The Court would be responsible for addressing issues of inter-communal raiding, abductions and violence, and disputes over abducted children, and women.

4.4. The Conference requests the support of the international community with the transport and logistics of the Traditional Leaders' Circuit Court.

4.5. Traditional leaders requested capacity building on good governance, with particular reference to conflict resolution.

4.6. The Chiefs have said the compensation must be paid for the deaths in the period since December.

The agreed compensation for the recent killings should be 50 cows.

5. Regarding the dissemination of the Peace

5.1. Following the Conference, Chiefs commit to taking an active role in the dissemination of the Pieri Action for Peace, in Pibor and Bor, and with any communities who need to hear the message, as well asA•vith the community leaders of the three Greater regions.

5.2. The Chiefs will also take responsibility for appropriate rituals to be conducted in Pibor and Bor to complement the ceremonies in Pieri led by Dak Kueth.

5.3. The Conference agreed that the communities of Ayod and Jikany need to be reached urgently with the peace dissemination.

The communities propose a caravan to take leaders from those communities to the other two sides.

5.4. The women have underlined the importance of peace and reconciliation, love and forgiveness, and praying to God together for mercy and grace.

Women will return and commit to warning their sons to stop raiding other communities.

If a problem persists, they have warned they will milk out the milk from their breasts to the floor as a curse to the young men who have violated the peace.

5.5. Women from the three communities must stand up to ensure that this peace is holding, particularly through advocacy and moving between locations, talking to people.

Women must unite, regardless of their tribe.

They should be provided with communication tools, as well as the men.

Women have requested radio talk shows to publicise the message of peace among the three tribes;

to be known nationwide, regionally, and globally.

5.6. Women propose the formation of a Women's Peace Committee, and three (one from each community) appointed as an initial Steering Committee.

They request being given a uniform of the same colour and this committee is the one to move from Dinka Bor to Murle to Lou Nuer as a Committee that preaches peace.

If the women are together in a location, youth may also fear to attack.

5.7. Women will encourage inter-marriages between the three tribes;

they are the guardians of the daughters.

5.8. Youth leaders requested three Thuraya phones, or a general improvement to mobile network coverage, to facilitate their work of collecting the abducted children, curb cattle raiding and related criminal activities.

5.9. The Conference agreed that a representative delegation from the Pieri meeting would travel to Juba to disseminate the Action for Peace among the Country's leadership.

6. Regarding measures to strengthen development

6.1. The Conference reaffirmed the development priorities outlined in Section 6 of the Rumbek Commitment to Peace, with further emphasis on the following:

6.1.1.

Roads as a critical enabler of livelihoods, especially between Pibor and Pieri, between Twic East and Pibor, and between Lekuangole and Akobo, as a supplement to the existing international agency plans.

6.1.2.

Women request equitable provision of tailoring machines, soap making and other activities for women.

6.1.3.

The Conference, and women in particular, repeated the proposal for a tri-communal boarding school to be established in the border areas, for confidence and trust building.

The Conference also proposed the introduction of Pastoralist Education schemes.

6.1.4.

Women request for micro-finance schemes for youth in order for them to improve livelihoods.

6.1.5.

Youth have requested seed funding to establish a revolving fund, to be administered jointly by the Youth Peace Implementation Committee.

6.1.6.

The Conference requested the provision of agricultural tools and vocational training for youth, to transition to a sustainable livelihood beyond conflict.

6.1.7.

Common Markets will be an essential factor of trade and improved livelihoods across the Greater regions.

6.1.8.

Women have proposed the establishment of business centres and cooperatives for women of the three communities in different locations across the Greater Jonglei.

Signed

Liyliy Yieh Chan - Lou Nuer Youth Leaders' Representative

Kangach Chiok Deng - Lou Nuer Paramount Chiefs' Representative

Mary Nyapet Puok - Lou Nuer Women's Representative

Alek Many - Dinka Bor Youth Leaders' Representative

Malak Ayuen Mayen + Dinka Bor Paramount Chiefs’ Represenative

Alek Manyuon Deng – Dinka Bor Women’s Representative

Turyal Peluk Oleyo – Murle Youth Leaders’ Representative

Nyathiko Gola Labarech – Murle Paramount Chiefs’ Representative

Mary Beri Oleyeo – Murle Women’s Representative

Guaranteed by

Gok Deng Dak Kueth Deng

Spiritual leader

24 March 2021

Pieri, Jonglei, South Sudan

The facilitation of the Conference was supported by UK Aid, USAID and UNMISS